功能医学防治乳腺癌的10项建议

发布时间:2017-05-09 浏览量:441

功能医学防治乳腺癌的10项建议-10 Strategies to Prevent and Treat Breast Cancer

每年的10月被定为“粉红丝带月”,即世界“乳腺癌防治月”,乳腺癌是女性最为常见的癌症之一,严重影响女性身心健康甚至危及生命,“粉红丝带”是一场关爱乳房健康的运动,更是人们对健康和美丽的一种追求!在今年的“乳腺癌防治月”里,功能医学医生网将推出有关功能医学与乳腺癌防治相关内容。

本文译自MARK HYMAN博士的文章,讲述了乳腺癌的发病因素及防治手段。

Im at high risk for breast cancer based on my genetic history, writes a longtime reader. What advice do you have to prevent it, or if someone has it, to potentially reverse breast cancer?

很多人心中都有这样的疑问——“根据家族史来看,我可能有患乳腺癌的风险,有没有什么方法预防吗?或者如果已经患病,有办法逆转吗?”

October is National Breast Cancer Month. The focus becomes so important because breast cancer has increased dramatically over the past few decades.

每年的10月是世界乳腺癌防治月,在过去的几十年里乳腺癌患病率的大幅升高,使得人们对于乳腺癌越来越关注。

Whereas one in 20 women had it in the 1960s, today that number has risen to one in eight women. According to The American Cancer Society, over 40,000 women will die from breast cancer in 2015.

1960年乳腺癌的发病几率在二十分之一,而到了今天,这个数字已经飙升至八分之一,即每八位女性中就有一位罹患乳腺癌。根据美国癌症协会提供的数据,2015年有超4万女性死于癌症。

These and other statistics suggest environmental factors are driving cancer. What we eat, toxins, chronic stress, sleep deprivation, and other problems in modern-day society become catalysts to increase breast cancer risk.

许多的数据表明,环境因素正在促进癌症的发生,食物、毒素、慢性压力、缺觉等种种现代病已然成为了乳腺癌风险的催化剂。

Terrifying as those statistics can be, the good news is that you can implement a number of powerful, simple things to prevent or even reverse breast cancer.

这些数据虽然令人心生恐惧,但也有好的一面,就是一些简单但有力的举措其实可以预防甚至扭转乳腺癌的发生。

Genetics loads the gun, but environment pulls the trigger. Even if you have a familial history of breast cancer, you are never doomed. Even if your doctor gives you the dismal news, you have an arsenal of tools to reverse breast cancer.

基因造就了这把“枪”,但是环境按下了“扳机”——这意味着即使你有乳腺癌的家族史,并非一定会得这个疾病,哪怕医生给了你坏消息,还是有机会“拨乱反正”的。

As beneficial and lifesaving as they can be, conventional therapies like radiation and chemo overlook how simple but powerful things like diet, toxins, and digestion contribute to cancer.

传统医疗把放疗和化疗作为对抗癌症的有力手段,却忽视了简单但同样有效的方面,如饮食、毒素、消化功能等。

I recently met with the physician at Cleveland Clinic in charge of the breast cancer program. She was very interested in our new Center for Functional Medicine. She explained they focused on screening, early detection and treatment. In addition, they focused on ongoing screening and tracking of women after breast cancer treatment, something called active surveillance. This is really inactive surveillance because they dont do anything, between visits, to empower women to truly prevent the disease by changing the soil in which the cancer grew. We have begun to explore a program of not just screening, but actively assessing the root causes. Things like hormone imbalances, nutrient deficiencies, toxin overload, gut health and more. We want to optimize womens health so they dont get breast cancer, if they are at risk, or prevent recurrence if they have been treated.

我最近与克利夫兰诊所的乳腺癌专科医生会面,她对我们的功能医学诊所非常感兴趣,她说,她们的关注点一般在影像学检查,争取做到早期发现与治疗,另外,还会跟进影像学及术后,积极监督。但事实上,这是所谓的“积极”吗?其实并没有采取任何措施。真正预防乳腺癌的发生应该是从改变“土壤”开始,所以我们开始寻求一种新的解决的手段——不只监测影像学,更要找到疾病发生的根源,比如是否存在荷尔蒙紊乱、营养缺乏、毒素蓄积、肠道问题等。真正优化女性的身体健康状况,从而预防乳腺癌的发生,即使已经患癌,至少可以避免复发的风险。

There are plenty of things you can do between visits to prevent or reverse breast cancer.

在乳腺癌发生之前,我们可以采取一些措施。

In my practice, I take a different approach through Functional Medicine, which considers the factors that increase breast cancer risk and then eliminates them. From that perspective, you can literally change the soil in which cancer grows.

在我的医疗实践过程中,会采取一些功能医学手段来减低乳腺癌风险的发生,从这个角度来看,是可以改变肿瘤生长的“土壤”的。

Imbalances in seven key systems in your body contribute to breast cancer and every other disease. Among these seven key systems include hormonal imbalances such as high insulin levels that eventually create insulin resistance.

Sugar becomes the driver behind high insulin levels. Every time you eat sugar, you raise insulin levels, which make cancer cells grow and promote inflammation.

High insulin levels also increase estrogen levels. High estrogen levels correlate with increased breast cancer risk.

Sugar, especially as high-fructose corn syrup and other processed carbohydrates, surges your insulin levels, increasing estrogen in the bargain.

Put bluntly: Every time you eat sugar, you increase your risk for breast cancer.

人体七大系统的失衡是导致癌症和其他种种疾病发生的根源所在。其中荷尔蒙紊乱如胰岛素水平过高会最终导致胰岛素抵抗。

糖分开始成为高胰岛素水平的主导,每当你摄入糖分时,胰岛素水平升高,就会造成癌细胞的生长和炎症的发生。

高的胰岛素水平也同样造成雌激素水平的升高,高雌激素水平与乳腺癌密切相关。

糖分,尤其是高果糖谷物糖浆和精制碳水化合物,极其影响胰岛素水平,同时升高雌激素水平。

特别标注:每次摄入糖分,就会增加乳腺癌风险!

Increased insulin also means your body becomes really good at storing fat, and a vicious cycle ensues as your insulin and estrogen levels stay cranked up. Studies show excess body fat increases your risk for breast cancer.

So now youre overweight, paving the path for diabesity, inflamed, with high estrogen levels. Can you see how this quickly becomes a recipe for disaster?

When you deprive someone of sugar and then inject radioactive sugar, that sugar goes right to cancer cells, which triggers insulin, inflammation, all while feeding the cancer cells. Cancer cells love sugar.

高的胰岛素水平也意味着你的身体开始储存脂肪,胰岛素和雌激素水平开始形成恶性循环。研究也表明体脂肪含量过高可增加乳腺癌风险。

所以,当你体重过高,几近糖尿病,身体存在炎症,雌激素水平增加时,你要知道,这些很快会造成身体的一场浩劫。

当你给身体注入糖分,它们会立即触发使胰岛素水平升高、炎症发生,所有这些都会供养癌细胞的生长。癌细胞最爱的就是糖分!

To become proactive and prevent or reverse breast cancer, you absolutely want to eliminate sugar. For my breast cancer patients, I recommend going cold turkey on sugar and processed foods.

The Blood Sugar Solution 10-Day Detox Diet provides a comprehensive, easy-to-follow plan that eliminates sugar, gluten, dairy, and other reactive foods in yes, just 10 days.

为了积极预防和扭转乳腺癌的发生,你一定会想要限制糖分的摄入,我一般会建议病人戒掉糖分和加工食品。

血糖调控计划为期10天,全面、易实施的限制糖分、谷蛋白、奶制品和一些易感食物的摄入。

Diet plays a major role in breast cancer, but so do other factors like environmental toxins. The most damaging ones include estrogen and substances that mimic it, which we call xenoestrogens.

Xenoestrogens bind to estrogen receptors that activate estrogen, stimulating cancer pathways. In fact, these estrogen mimickers are 1,000 times more powerful than estrogen, and they react synergistically.

乳腺癌的发生过程中,饮食起到至关重要的作用,另外还有环境毒素,这些都是最具破坏性的因素,包括雌激素和模仿雌激素作用的物质,我们称其为“外源性雌激素”。

外源性雌激素同样作用在雌激素受体上,加速癌症进程,而事实上,这些雌激素的“模仿秀”甚至比真正的雌激素作用更强大1000倍以上,并具有协同作用。

Digestive health also plays more of a role in your breast cancer risk than you might think. Healthy gut flora maintaining the correct ratio of healthy bacteria in your gut improves your immune system and also helps you better break down food and detoxify the estrogen made in your body after its been used.

Bad gut flora means that excess estrogen becomes reabsorbed rather than eliminated, creating estrogen dominance and all its risks. One meta-analysis found increased use of antibiotics, which kill off bad as well as good bacteria, increase your risk for breast cancer.

在乳腺癌的发展进程中,肠道健康也起着比你想象中更为重要的作用。健康的肠道菌群可以增加免疫功能,并帮助分解食物和经过生物转化后的雌激素代谢产物。

坏的肠道菌群则意味着多余的雌激素又会被身体重吸收,造成雌激素主导地位及其所有可能导致的风险。研究发现抗生素的滥用,会在杀灭坏菌的同时也杀灭了有益菌,这都会增加乳腺癌的患病风险。

I could go on, but you can begin to understand how dietary and lifestyle factors play significant roles in breast cancer. The good news is many of these factors are within your control. You have the power to prevent or reverse breast cancer.

我还可以继续,但现在你应该已经明白了,饮食和生活方式等因素在乳腺癌的发生发展中扮演着怎样至关重要的角色,好消息是,其中很多方面是可控的,可以做到预防和逆转乳腺癌的!

Implement These Key Strategies to Reverse or Prevent Breast Cancer

预防和逆转乳腺癌的关键策略

Conventional medicine oftentimes overlooks simple but powerfully effective ways to prevent or reverse breast cancer, lose weight, and create abundant health. In my practice, Ive found these 10 strategies incredibly helpful to do all that and more.

传统医学常常忽略一些简单但有效的方法,比如减重,在这里,我总结了10项措施。

1. Fiber up. Fiber becomes critical for gut and therefore overall health. Your goal should be 35 grams per day. High-fiber foods include vegetables, fruits, beans, nuts, and whole grains such as brown rice and ground flax seed. Consider a fiber supplement if youre not getting your complete quota from food.

增加纤维素的摄入。纤维素是肠道健康的关键因素,从而保证整体健康。目标是每天应有35克的纤维摄入。高纤维食物包括蔬菜、水果、豆类、坚果、全谷物如糙米和亚麻籽等。如不能从饮食中摄入足够的量可考虑使用营养补充剂。

2. Have protein at every meal. Good protein sources include fish, lean poultry, beans, nuts, eggs, and soy. Make sure you include a few vegetarian options in your daily protein intake. Check out my favorite high-protein breakfast recipes here.

保证每餐都有蛋白质的摄入。优质蛋白质来源包括鱼类、瘦肉家禽、豆类、坚果、鸡蛋等。即使是素食者也应保证日常蛋白质的摄入量。

3. Supplement wisely. At the very least, you want to take a good multivitamin/ mineral as well as fish oil. To use just one example, optimal levels of the B vitamin folate helps prevent breast and other cancers. You can find these and other supplements in my store.

合理使用营养补充剂。至少应服用一种复合维生素或微量元素或鱼油。举例来说,保持体内叶酸在最佳水平可有效预防乳腺癌或其他癌症的发生。

4. Control stress levels. Studies connect chronic stress levels with increased breast cancer risk. Whether you opt for meditation, yoga, deep breathing, or another de-stressor, find something that works for you and do it. My UltraCalm CD becomes a great way to melt away stress and anxiety.

压力管理。研究表明慢性压力会增加乳腺癌的发病风险。可以应用冥想、瑜伽、深呼吸等方法来有效缓解压力。

5. Restore gut health. Leading researchers at Cleveland Clinics discovered gut microflora influences cancer genes and your immune system. Tend your inner garden with gut-supporting foods like fermented foods as well as fiber and probiotics. If you suspect gut issues like leaky gut or IBS, work with a functional practitioner to correct them.

重建肠道健康。克利夫兰诊所的主要研究人员发现肠道菌群可影响致癌基因和免疫系统。发酵类食品、纤维素和益生菌等都会给与肠道良好支持,如怀疑有肠漏症或肠易激综合征,可寻求功能医学医生的帮助。

6. Reduce your toxic load. Visit the Environmental Working Group (EWG) to learn ways to reduce toxic exposure.

减轻毒素负担。咨询环境工作组,学习如何减少毒素曝露。

7. Exercise regularly. Studies show regular exercise can decrease your breast cancer risk. Exercise improves insulin sensitivity, helping you balance estrogen and maintain a healthy body weight. No matter what your fitness level, youll find an easy-to-apply exercise plan here.

规律运动。研究表明规律运动可减低乳腺癌的发病风险。运动可增加胰岛素敏感性,平衡雌激素水平,维持健康体重。无论你的体质如何,总会找到一项适合自己的运动。

8. Go clean and green. Choose filtered water and organic food. Always opt for high-quality meat sources like wild salmon and grass-fed beef.Become more aware about how things like household cleaners and cosmetics can increase your toxic load at the EWG.

绿色和清洁。选择过滤水和有机食品。尽量食用优质肉源如野生三文鱼、草饲牛肉。更多关注环境毒素,如家庭清洁用品、化妆品。

9. Watch the alcohol. One glass of wine a day increases your breast cancer risk 40 percent. Increased alcohol load means your liver cant metabolize estrogen well. If you drink, limit wine to one glass three times a week. One drink is five ounces of wine, 1.5 ounces of hard alcohol, or 12 ounces of beer.

酒精。每天一杯酒可增加乳腺癌风险40%。酒精摄入的增加意味着肝脏就不能同时代谢雌激素。如果一定要喝酒,至少限制在一周内不超过3杯(等同于5盎司葡萄酒/1.5盎司烈性酒/12盎司啤酒)。

10. Get great sleep. Studies show an inverse association between sleep duration and breast cancer risk. Aim for eight hours of quality, uninterrupted sleep every night. Grab my 19 top sleep tips here.

保证良好的睡眠。研究表明睡眠持续时间与乳腺癌风险呈负相关。每天应保证8小时不间断睡眠。


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